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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    No. 2    April 2007

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Preparation of flake AgSnO2 composite powders by hydrothermal method
YANG Tian-zu(杨天足)1, DU Zuo-juan(杜作娟)1, GU Ying-ying(古映莹)2,
QIU Xiao-yong(邱晓勇)2, JIANG Ming-xi(江名喜)1, CHU Guang(楚 广)1

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China

Abstract: Silver-tin oxide composite powders and silver powders were synthesized by hydrothermal method using NH3 to complex Ag+, SO2−3 to reduce Ag(NH3)+2 and Na2SnO3 as the source of tin. The powders were characterized by XRD, SEM and EDX. The results show that there are macroscopic and microscopic differences between two kinds of powders. Spherical silver powders are 3 μm in diameter, and silver-tin oxide composite powders are mainly flake of about 0.3 μm in thickness. Silver crystal in silver-tin oxide composite powders is preferentially oriented in the (111) crystallographic direction and its oriented index is 2.581. Crystal lattice parameter of silver crystal of silver tin-oxide composite powders is 0.409 34 nm, larger than 0.408 68 nm of silver powders. The XPS analysis shows that silver in silver-tin oxide composite powders is metallic silver and tin oxide in silver tin-oxide composite powders has the red shift for Sn4+(3d5/2) and O2−(1s).

 

Key words: composite material; silver-tin oxide powder; silver powder; hydrothermal method; oriented growth

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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