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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    No. 3    June 2007

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Single-aging characteristics of 7055 aluminum alloy
WANG Tao(王 涛)1, YIN Zhi-min(尹志民)1, SHEN Kai(沈 凯)2,
LI Jie(李 杰)1, HUANG ji-wu(黄继武)1

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Nanjing University of Aeronautical and Airspace,Nanjing 210016, China

Abstract:The microstructures and properties of 7055 aluminum alloy were studied at different single-aging for up to 48 h using hardness test, tensile test, electrical conductivity measurement, XRD and TEM microstructure analysis. The results show that at the early stage of aging, the hardness and strength of the alloy increase rapidly, the peak hardness and strength are approached after 120 ℃ aging for 4 h, then maintained at a high level for a long time. The suitable single-aging treatment of 7055 alloy is 480 ℃, 1 h solution treatment and water quenching, then aging at 120 ℃ for 24 h. Under those condition, the tensile strength, yield strength, elongation and electrical conductivity of the studied alloy are 513 MPa, 462 MPa, 9.5% and 29%(IACS), respectively. During aging, the solid solution decomposes and precipitation occurs. At the early aging stage of 120 ℃, GP zones form and then grow up gradually with increasing ageing time. η′ phase forms after ageing for 4 h and η phase starts to occur after 24 h aging.

 

Key words: 7055 aluminum alloy; aging; precipitation, microstructure; property

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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