Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 17 No. 5 October 2007|
（Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China ）
Abstract:Three nanocrystalline alloys, Fe50Al50, Fe42.5Al42.5Ti5B10 and Fe35Al35Ti10B20 (molar fraction, %), were synthesized from elemental powders by high-energy ball milling. The structural evolutions and morphological changes of the milled powders were characterized by X-ray diffractometry(XRD), transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The effects of different Ti, B additions on the structure and phase transformation in these alloys were also discussed. It is observed that the diffusion of Al, Ti, B atoms into Fe lattice occurs during milling, leading to the formation of a BCC phase identified as Fe(Al) or Fe(Al, Ti, B) supersaturated solid solution. Fe-based solid solution with nanocrystalline structure is observed to be present as the only phase in all the alloy compositions after milling. Furthermore, the contents of Ti, B affect the formation of mechanical alloying products, changes in the lattice parameter as well as the grain size.
Key words: FeAl; composite; mechanical alloying; structural evolution; nanocrystalline