Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 17 No. 5 October 2007|
（1. Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; 2. State Key Laboratory for Corrosion and Protection of Metals, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China ）
Abstract:The photoelectrocatalytic activity of TiO2 film electrodes in the degradation of nitrite ion was greatly enhanced in the presence of chlorine ion. The influences of NaCl concentration and initial pH value on the degradation rate of NO2− and active chlorine production were studied. The results show that the decay rate of NO2− and the accumulation rate of active chlorine increase with increasing NaCl concentration. At pH＜8, both the decay of NO2− and active chlorine formation rates are enhanced with increasing NaCl concentration, while at pH＞10, they are suppressed. In addition, contrast to conventionally accepted view, in which an advantage of anatase over the rutile modification of TiO2 is in terms of photoactivity, it is found that a thermal oxidation rutile TiO2 electrode is more suitable for both photogenerating active chlorine and degrading NO2− in the presence of Cl−. The correlative mechanism was also discussed in detail. Specific adsorption of Cl− on the electrode causes its energy band edges to move towards positive value and also lower the photocurrent, thus less OH∙ radicals are produced. However, more active species of Cl∙ that have longer lifetime are available to take part in the oxidation of NO2− , thus improving its degradation rate.
Key words: TiO2; photoelectrocatalysis; active chlorine; nitrite ion