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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    No. 6    December 2007

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Effect of heat treatment on microstructure andproperties of hot-extruded nickel-aluminum bronze
CHEN Rui-ping(陈瑞萍), LIANG Ze-qin(梁泽钦), ZHANG Wei-wen(张卫文),ZHANG Da-tong(张大童), LUO Zong-qiang(罗宗强), LI Yuan-yuan(李元元)

School of Mechanical Engineering, South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510640, China

Abstract:The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and properties of a hot-extruded nickel-aluminum bronze was investigated. Experimental materials were heat treated through different processes, including quenching, normalizing, aging and annealing, and their microstructure, corrosion resistance and mechanical properties were characterized. It is found that quenching causes all β phase transformed into β′ phase, however, normalizing causes β phase transformed into β′, α and κ phases. When the quenched sample is aged, fine к phase is precipitated from the as-quenched microstructure of β′ phase. Annealing causes the transformation of β′ into α and к phases. The results of mechanical property tests show that quenching, normalizing and aging improve the tensile strength and hardness of the experimental material, with a corresponding fall in elongation. Annealing raises the elongation but reduces the tensile strength and hardness. Furthermore, corrosion resistance of nickel-aluminum bronze ranks from worse to better in the following order: aged, quenched, normalized, hot-extruded and annealed. However, with the exposure time of corrosion test increasing, the difference of average corrosion rate between those nickel-aluminum bronzes turns small.

 

Key words: nickel-aluminum bronze; heat treatment; microstructure; mechanical property; corrosion resistance

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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