您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    No. 6    December 2007

[PDF Download]    

    

Synthesis and properties of nanocrystalline nonferrous metals prepared by flow-levitation-molding method
LIU Wei(刘 伟)1, YANG Tian-zu(杨天足)1,CHU Guang(楚 广)1, 2, LUO Jiang-shan(罗江山)2, TANG Yong-jian(唐永建)2

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China; 2. Institute of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China

Abstract:Nanocrystalline nonferrous metals (Cu, Al, and Ag) were synthesized by flow-levitation-molding method. The microstructure of the as-prepared nanocrystalline metals was characterized by XRD and FESEM. The microhardness and electrical resistivity were tested by the HMV−2 type Microhardness Tester and 6157 type Electrometer, respectively. The synthesis process was also studied. The results show that the spheriform particles in nanocrystalline metals have average grain size of 20−30 nm. The relative density of nanocrystalline Cu, Al, and Ag are 95.1%, 98.1% and 98.3%, respectively. The microhardness of nanocrystalline Cu, Al and Ag are 2.01, 2.11 and 1.26 GPa respectively, which are larger than those of their coarse-grained counterparts by the factor of 4.5, 14, and 2.5, respectively. The electrical resistivity of nanocrytalline Cu at room temperature is 1.5×10−7 Ω·m, which is higher than coarse-grained Cu by a factor of 7.5. The pressure is the predominant factor influencing the density of the as-prepared nanocrystalline nonferrous metals.

 

Key words: nanocrystalline; nonferrous metals; flow-levitation-molding; density; microhardness; electrical resistivity

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

主管:中华人民共和国教育部 主办:中南大学 中国铁道学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《铁道科学与工程学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市韶山南路22号 邮编:410075
电 话:0731-82655133,82656174   传真:0731-82655133   电子邮箱:jrse@mail.csu.edu.cn