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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 16    No. 2    April 2006

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Performance comparison of AlTiC and AlTiB master alloys in grain refinement of commercial and high purity aluminum
LI Jian-guo(李建国)1, HUANG Min(黄 敏)1, MA Mo(马 蓦)1, YE Wei(叶 炜)1, LIU Dong-yu(刘东雨)1,
SONG Dong-ming(宋东明)2, BAI Bing-zhe(白秉哲)1, FANG Hong-sheng (方鸿生)1

1. Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Kunming Metallurgy Research Institute, Kunming 650031, China

Abstract:For further knowledge about the refining performance of AlTiC master alloys, Al5.5Ti0.25C and Al6.5Ti0.5C master alloys containing high Ti and C content were prepared and used in grain refining experiments of 99.8% commercial pure aluminum(CPAl). Their performance was compared with two types of Al5Ti1B refiners whose performance was nowadays considered to be the best. These two types of master alloys show similar refining efficiency at the addition level of 0.2%. However, at the addition level of 0.5%, there still exists great performance difference between AlTiC and Al5TiB alloys in grain refinement of 99.98% and 99.995% high purity aluminum(HPAl). The growth of columnar grains is fully suppressed due to the refinement of AlTiC at the addition level of 0.5%. Also, at the same addition level, the grain refining experiments of Al3Ti0.15C and Al5Ti0.2C master alloys which have found initial commercial applications are conducted in the above-mentioned three types of pure aluminum. According to the experimental results, these two refiners of different compositions are both nonideal. The second phase particles extracted from each refiner were observed through TEM, while the nuclei of grains after grain refinement were observed through SEM. The results were analyzed through computation and comparison of the constitutional-supercooling parameter and the growth-restriction parameter whose values were determined by solute element in aluminum melt with different purity. Apparently, AlTiC master alloys with high content of Ti and C element have great refining potential.

 

Key words: AlTiC; AlTiB; commercial pure aluminum; high purity aluminum; heterogeneous nucleation; grain refinement

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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