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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 16    No. 2    April 2006

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Thermodynamic calculation of intermetallic compounds in AZ91 alloy containing calcium
WU Yu-feng(吴玉锋), DU Wen-bo(杜文博), NIE Zuo-ren(聂祚仁),
CAO Lin-feng(曹林锋), ZUO Tie-yong(左铁镛)

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100022, China

Abstract: Based on the Miedema model and Chou model, the activities of different solute components in Mg-Al-Zn, Mg-Ca-Zn and Mg-Al-Ca ternary systems were calculated. The results show that the variety of zinc content has little influence on the activity of Al or Ca, and the interaction of Zn and Al or Ca can be neglected when the mass fraction of Zn is lower than 2% in the AZ91 alloy containing calcium (noted as Mg-Al-Zn-Ca system). Therefore, the possible intermetallic compounds in the Mg-Al-Zn-Ca system can be predicted by directly calculating the Gibbs free energies of the reactions in Mg-Al-Ca system. The calculated Gibbs free energies in the Mg-Al-Ca system indicate that Al2Ca phase can take priority of depositing, which agrees with the experimental results in references. The consistency of calculation and experiment proves that the intermetallic compounds in the Mg-Al-Zn-Ca system can be predicted by the Miedema model and Chou model.

 

Key words: AZ91 alloy; Mg-Al-Zn alloy; Mg-Ca-Zn alloy; Mg-Al-Ca alloy; Al2Ca; Miedema model; Chou model; Gibbs free energy

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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