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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 16    No. 2    April 2006

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Heat transfer characteristics of lost foam casting process of magnesium alloy
LIU Zi-li(刘子利)1, 2, PAN Qing-lin(潘青林)2,
CHEN Zhao-feng(陈照峰)1, LIU Xi-qin(刘希琴)1, TAO Jie(陶 杰)1

1. College of Materials Science and Engineering , Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:Effects of vacuum, pouring temperature and pattern thickness on the heat transfer of magnesium alloy lost foam casting(LFC) process were explored. The results indicate that without vacuum a positive thermal gradient from the gate to the end of the casting was formed immediately after the mold filling. The average temperature of the casting, the temperature gradient and solidification times increase significantly with pouring temperature and pattern thickness. Vacuum plays a quite different role in the heat transfer during mould filling and solidification periods: it significantly increases the cooling rate of the filling melt, but decreases the cooling rate of the casting during solidification period. The temperature of the liquid metal drops sharply and varies greatly with no apparent mode in the casting after the mold filling. The amplitude of temperature fluctuations in the casting increases with vacuum, pouring temperature and pattern thickness. The average temperature increases with pouring temperature and pattern thickness, but less rapidly than that without vacuum. The effect of vacuum on the solidification times of castings is found to depend on pouring temperature, vacuum makes solidification times increase greatly at high pouring temperature, while decreases slightly at low pouring temperature.

 

Key words: magnesium alloy; lost foam casting; heat transfer

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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