Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 18 No. 1 January 2008|
（1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China;2. Center for Analysis and Testing, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China;3. Department of Systems Science, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China）
Abstract:Tetrapod-shaped ZnO whiskers and microrods were synthesized in one crucible by thermal evaporation of Zn/C mixtures at 930 ℃ in air without any catalyst. The digital camera, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction techniques were used to study the morphologies and crystal structures of these tetrapod-shaped ZnO microcrystals. The results show that these two types of ZnO tetrapods are grown at different heights within the same crucible. The legs of these tetrapod-shaped ZnO crystals are hexagonally faceted. Some tetrapod-shaped ZnO whiskers show hierarchical structures. A short button-like hexagonal ZnO microcrystal is observed at the triple junctions of some tetrapod-shaped ZnO whiskers. The tetrapod-shaped ZnO microrods are capped by two sets of hexagonal pyramids with two different groups of crystal planes for the surfaces. These two types of tetrapod-shaped ZnO microcrystals have different side faces and aspect ratio, which are believed to be the result of their different growth behaviors. The octa-twin model was used to discuss the different growth behaviors of these two types of ZnO tetrapods. The crystal planes of the legs and the pyramids were determined.
Key words: ZnO; tetrapod-shaped whiskers; tetrapod-shaped microrods; growth from vapor; octa-twin model