Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 18 No. 1 January 2008|
（1.School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;2. School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China）
Abstract:Effects of reflux ratio, water addition and content of water in ethanol on the purity and yield of tantalum ethoxide during vacuum distillation were investigated under the operational conditions of pressure of 1 kPa, oil bath temperature of 210−230 ℃, and outlet temperature of 190 ℃. The condensate sample was characterized by FTIR, 1H-NMR spectroscopy and Raman spectra, respectively. The contents of tantalum, carbon and hydrogen in the sample were also determined with elemental analysis instrument. The obtained results consistently demonstrate that the condensate is tantalum ethoxide. The content of impurity, such as Al, As, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Sn, Ti, V and Zn, in tantalum ethoxide is less than 0.000 05%, while Nb content is less than 0.000 5%. The content of impurities in tantalum ethoxide sample excels that of Epichem Group’s requirement for Ta(OC2H5)5 of 99.999%.
Key words: tantalum ethoxide; distillation; FTIR