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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 14    No. 1    February 2004

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Synthesis of titanium carbide by induction
 plasma reactive spray
JIANG Xian-Liang(蒋显亮)1, M. Boulos2

1. Institute of Surface and Coatings Technology, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Plasma Technology Research Center, University of Sherbrooke,Sherbrooke, J1K 2R1, Canada

Abstract:A novel method capable of sufficient mixing of titanium powder and methane of carbon source was developed in the synthesis of titanium carbide by induction plasma reactive spray. X-ray diffraction analysis, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and microhardness test were used to characterize the spray-formed deposit. The experimental results show that both primary carburization of the titanium particles inside the plasma flame and secondary carburization of the growing deposit on high temperature substrate contribute to the forming of titanium carbide. The transitional phase of TiC1-xhas the same crystal structure as TiC, but has a slightly low lattice constant. The deposit consists of fine grain structure and large grain structure. The fine grain structure, harder than large grain structure, shows grain boundary fracture.

 

Key words: induction plasma; carburization process; titanium carbide; phase constituent

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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