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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 14    No. 6    December 2004

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Recovery of gallium from phosphorus industry flue
XU Ke(许 可), DENG Tong(邓 彤), DAI Yu-jie(戴玉杰), WANG Jing(王 静)

Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 
Beijing 100080, China

Abstract: The flue dust generated during electric furnace production of elemental phosphorus was investigated for the recovery of gallium. Then the flue dust was slurried with water and blended with concentrated sulfuric acid, followed by ageing. The gallium in the dust was thereby converted to soluble sulfate. The factors affecting the dust curing were investigated to understand the process chemistry of the pretreatment. The optimal curing conditions are determined as follows: the mass ratio of dust to water and acid is 1∶1∶1, ageing temperature and time are 200℃ and 2h, respectively. Almost all the gallium available to acid dissolution in the dust, about 90% gallium, can be extracted by leaching the cured dust at 80℃ for 1h.

 

Key words:  gallium; flue dust; phosphorus; extraction

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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