Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 15 No. 1 February 2005|
（State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China）
Abstract:Ternary Zn1-xCdxO alloying films were deposited on silicon substrates by a reactive magnetron sputtering method. The structures of the films were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, respectively. The XRD measurement shows that the wurtzite-type structure of Zn1-xCdxO can be stabilized up to Cd content of x=0.53 without a cubic CdO phase separation. The TEM measurement shows that the films have a columnar structure and the grains are highly c-axis oriented perpendicularly on silicon substrate although some grain boundaries are slightly tilted. High resolution TEM observation indicates that a native layer of amorphous SiO2 exists at the ZnCdO/Si interface and that ZnCdO grains with c-axis preferred orientation nucleate directly on substrate surface.
Key words: ZnCdO; microstructure; sputtering