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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 15    No. 1    February 2005

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Preparation of salt-based colloid palladium of high concentration
ZHENG Ya-jie(郑雅杰)1, XIAO Fa-xin(肖发新)1, YI Dan-qing(易丹青)2,
GONG Zhu-qing(龚竹青)1, LI Xin-hai(李新海)1

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A  kind of salt-based colloid palladium of high concentration was prepared,  with concentration up to 3.6g/L on amount of PdCl2. The optimal preparation conditions of the salt-based colloid palladium were that the PdCl2 and NaCl concentrations were respectively 3.6g/L and 175g/L,  mole ratio of Sn to Pd was 50∶1,  reaction temperature was 20-35℃, with urea,  ascorbic acid and vanillin added in a proper amount. The test results of optimal condition show that the time of starting hydrogen-deposition is 9s,  the time of completely coating copper on a test substrate is 2min,  the stability time of colloid palladium is 98h after it is diluted into 0.1g/L(on amount of PdCl2) when the solution temperature is 20℃, the backlight lever of electroless copper plating layer is 10th grade of 10-grade system,  the adhesion force of the copper layer is up to GB5270—85 of China,  and the average particle size of the colloid palladium is 81 nm measured by Master Sizer.

 

Key words: salt-based colloid palladium; preparation; activation; stability

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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