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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 15    No. 3    June 2005

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Influence of concentration of zinc ions on electrocrystallization process of zinc
ZHANG Zhao(张 昭)

Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Abstract:Cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and scanning electron microscopy were employed to study the influence of Zn2+ ion concentration in electrolyte solutions on zinc electroplating process. The results show that, at high overpotentials, the nucleation of zinc is instantaneous, and nuclear density increases with the overpotentials increasing. While at low overpotentials, the zinc may be preferentially electrodeposited on surface inhomogeneities such as emergence points of edge, screw dislocations, atomic disorder, kink sites, or monoatomic steps, and no distinguished nucleation current can be observed. The major dissolution peak in cyclic voltammogram drifts positively due to t, he change of the rate-determining step of zinc electroplating processes from diffusion to the electrochemical reaction with the increase of Zn2+ ion concentration.

 

Key words: zinc electroplating; nucleation; growth; mechanism

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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