Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 15 No. 4 August 2005|
（State Key Laboratory of Die and Mould Technology,
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China）
Abstract: The phase composition and electrochemical performances of microarc oxidation(MAO) films prepared on AZ91D alloy by using step-down current method in a phosphate electrolyte(P-film) and silicate electrolyte(Si-film) were studied. The results show that P-film is mainly composed of Mg, MgAl2O4 and MgO, and Si-film is composed of Mg2SiO4 and MgO. There clearly exists a fluoride-enriched zone with the thickness of about 1-2μm for P-film and 0.7-1μm for Si-film at the MAO coating/substrate interface. The electrochemical tests show that both P-film and Si-film can enhance the corrosion resistance of AZ91D magnesium alloy significantly. The corrosion failure process of the two films in 5%(mass fraction) NaCl solution is quite different.
Key words: AZ91D alloy; electrolyte; microarc oxidation; electrochemical performance