Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 15 No. 4 August 2005|
（1. College of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 200336, China;
2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China）
Abstract: The spreading behavior of copper filler metal droplets under arc brazing was studied by numerical simulation method using Surface Evolver software. The mathematical model in which arc pressure force acceleration was added to the droplet microelement as the form of gravity acceleration was used in numerical simulation. Then the 3D filler metal droplet profile for different welding currents was simulated. The results show that the simulation results and the experimental results are in good accordance. And it can be seen that the spreading height decreases and diameter increases with the increasing welding current in an approximate linear relation.
Key words: copper filler metal; arc brazing; spreading; numerical simulation