Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 15 No. 4 August 2005|
（1. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798;
2. College of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China）
Abstract: Pilot studies on two dimensional(2-D) wave propagation through single joint or multiple parallel joints were comprehensively conducted, using a suitable data processing method. The possible factors influencing the transmission ratio in 2-D wave propagation under certain circumstances in rock masses were studied. It is found that in the process of 2-D wave propagation, for any radial line, the amount, the stiffness and the spacing of the joints influence the transmission ratio; by contrast, the transmission ratio at any point is independent of the radial distance from the center of wave source. It is also found that the transmission ratio for every grid-point along a single circle can present the transmission ratio for every grid-point after a certain quantity of joints. For the special radian direction(normal to the joints), it is concluded that the transmission ratio is dominated by the normal stiffness; while the influence of shear stiffness is negligible. The radius of the tunnel or borehole for the source wave does not affect the transmission ratio in 2-D wave propagation.
Key words: 2-D wave; transmission ratio; stiffness of joint; wave propagation; pilot study