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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 15    No. 6    December 2005

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Non-flammable electrolytes based on trimethyl phosphate solvent for lithium-ion batteries
HU Chuan-yue(胡传跃)1, 2, LI Xin-hai(李新海)2 

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China; 
2. Department of Chemistry and Material Science, Hunan Institute of Humanities, Science and Technology, Loudi 417000, China

Abstract: The properties of trimethyl phosphate(TMP)-based nonflammable electrolytes with LiPF6 as solute were investigated using graphite anode and LiCoO2 cathode. The effect of TMP on non-flammability of electrolytes was also evaluated. It is found that the TMP reduction decomposition on graphite electrode at the potential of 1.3V (vs Li/Li+) is suppressed with ethylene carbonate(EC), dimethyl carbonate(DMC) and ethylmethyl carbonate(EMC) cosolvents and vinylene carbonate(VC) additives. The results show that the non-flammable electrolyte of 1mol/L LiPF6 61%(EC1.5-DMC1.0-EMC1.0)-39% TMP has good electrochemical properties. The discharge capacities of half-cells after 20 cycles are 254.8mA•h/g for Li/graphite and 144.1mA•h/g for Li/LiCoO2. The graphite/LiCoO2 prismatic lithium-ion cell delivers a discharge capacity of 131mA•h/g at first cycle. With an addition of 4%VC to this non-flammable electrolyte, a discharge capacity of 134mA•h/g at first cycle and a capacity ratio of 84.3% after 50 cycles are obtained for prismatic lithium-ion batteries. Furthermore, a nail penetration test demonstrates that the safety of prismatic lithium-ion batteries is dramatically improved by using TMP-containing non-flammable electrolytes.

 

Key words:  graphite; LiCoO2; nonflammable electrolyte; trimethyl phosphate; lithium-ion battery

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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