Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 15 No. 6 December 2005|
（School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, China）
Abstract: The stable colloidal antimony pentoxide was prepared by oxidation of the mixture of Sb2O3 and Sb2O5 obtained from arsenic-alkali residue by hydrometallurgical process, with hydrogen peroxide as oxidant and phosphoric acid as stabilizer. Effects of main factors were investigated. The theories on thermodynamics, kinetics and electrical double layer(EDL) were used to analyze the experimental phenomena and results. The results show that no aging time is the most beneficial to forming colloid, when molar ratio of phosphoric acid to antimony is in the range from 0.8 to 1.0 and 1.0 to 1.3, the particle sizes of sol with the concentration of 10% and 15% antimony pentoxide by mass are both smaller. With increasing concentration of the mixture of antimony oxide from 10% to 20%, the reaction time decreases from 90 to about 30min, but the optimized range of molar ratio of H3PO4 to antimony increases. The reaction temperature is not the main factor on particle size with the existence of H3PO4 in the temperature range from 60 to 90℃.
Key words: colloidal antimony pentoxide; arsenic-alkali residue; solid waste; comprehensive utilization