Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 16 No. 4 August 2006|
（School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China）
Abstract: According to the conservation of energy principle and technology characteristics of tungsten inert gas(TIG), a model of non-steady three-dimensional temperature field for red copper’s TIG welding with a locomotive arc was established. The temperature field of welding pool was calculated with finite element software ANSYS. Indrafted the heat enthalpy conception and the surface distribution dual-ellipsoid model, the demands of welding numerical simulation was primely satisfied. Aimed at bad weldability of red copper, the TIG welding of thick-wall red copper was studied adopting Ar+N2 without preheating. The results show that the heating effect of arc is evidently enhanced, it is viable to achieve the no preheating TIG welding of red copper. Comparing the experimental values with the calculated ones under different technological parameters, the results indicate that the model and practical course are well matched, which proves that the model is reliable and correct.
Key words: copper; TIG welding; temperature field; simulation