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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 3    June 2009

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Coupled heat/mass-balance model for analyzing correlation between
excess AlF3 concentration and aluminum electrolyte temperature
HUANG Yong-bo(黄涌波)1, 2, QU Xiang-dong(瞿向东)2, ZHOU Jie-min(周孑民)1

1. School of Energy Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Guangxi Branch, Aluminum Corporation of China Limited, Baise 531400, China

Abstract:The influence of aluminum electrolyte component on its temperature is an important issue within the field of aluminum reduction with pre-baked cells. The characteristic correlation between excess AlF3 concentration and aluminum electrolyte temperature was explored through the modeling of heat and mass transfer processes in industrial pre-baked aluminum reduction cells. A coupled heat/mass-balance model was derived theoretically from the mass and energy balance of an electrolysis cell, and then was simplified properly into a practical expression. The model demonstrates that if environmental temperature and Al2O3 concentration keep constant, the excess AlF3 concentration decreases with the aluminum electrolyte temperature linearly and its decrease rate is dependent on the heat transfer property of aluminum electrolyte, side wall and cell shell. Secondly, experiments were conducted on site with two industrial cells in an aluminum electrolysis plant. Excess AlF3 concentration and aluminum electrolyte temperature were obtained simultaneously together with other parameters such as Al2O3, CaF2, MgF2 and LiF concentrations. Results show that the maximum absolute error between the tested value and the calculated value of excess AlF3 concentration using the proposed model is less than 2%. This reveals that the coupled heat/mass-balance model can appropriately characterize the correlation between excess AlF3 concentration and aluminum electrolyte temperature with good accuracy and practicability.

 

Key words: aluminum electrolysis; electrolyte temperature; excess AlF3 concentration; energy balance; mass balance; coupled model

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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