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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 16    No. 6    December 2006

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Structure and electrochemical properties of 
Li(Ni0.5Mn0.5)1−xTixO2 prepared by one-step solid 
state reactio
CAO Si-hai(曹四海)1, WANG Zhi-xing(王志兴)1, LI Xin-hai(李新海)1
GUO Hua-jun(郭华军)1, PENG Wen-jie(彭文杰)1, YIN Zhou-lan(尹周澜)

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, 
Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, 
Changsha 410083, China

Abstract: The layered compound Li(Ni0.5Mn0.5)1−xTixO2 powders were prepared with Ni(OH)2, MnCO3, Li2CO3 and TiO2 by one-step solid state reaction. The effect of doping Ti on the structure and electrochemical properties was studied. The XRD results indicate that the powders with 0≤x≤0.05 have good layered structure and trace of impurity appears in the samples with x≥0.1. The SEM photographs show that the particle size distributes homogeneously and the sample with x=0.15 has larger particle size than other samples. The charge-discharge tests show that Li(Ni0.5Mn0.5)0.95Ti0.05O2 synthesized at 800 ℃ for 36 h exhibits good electrochemical properties. It firstly delivers 173 mA∙h/g and maintains 90% of the initial discharge capacity after 30 cycles. The cyclic voltammetry and differential capacity vs voltage curves show that the major oxidation and reduction peaks are around 3.95 V and 3.75 V, respectively, assigned to Ni2+/Ni4+ oxidation-reduction process. A weak peak around 4.5 V is found during the oxidation process in the first cycle, which can be regarded as the main reason of the large drop of discharge capacity in the initial cycle.

 

Key words: Li-ion battery; cathode; LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2; doping; Ti; cyclic voltammetry

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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