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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 11    No. 1    February 2001

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Electrochemical mechanism of
thioglycolic acid depressing sulphide minerals
CHEN Jian-hua(陈建华)1,FENG Qi-ming(冯其明)2, Lu Yi-ping(卢毅屏)2

1. College of Resources and Environment, Guangxi University,
Nanning 530004, P.R.China;
 2. Department of Mineral Engineering, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, P.R.China

Abstract: The effects of thioglycolic acid (TGA) on the rest  potential  and zeta potential of sulphide minerals were studied and the electrochemical mechanism of TGA depressing sulphide minerals was put forward. Results of flotation test show that galena, pyrite and chalcopyrite can be well depressed by TGA, but  sphalerite and arsenopyrite can not be depressed. Tests also show that TGA has a little influence on zeta potential of sulfide minerals covered by xanthate coatings and TGA can lower the rest potential of sulphide minerals. The electrochemical mechanism of TGA depressing sulphide minerals is that  the dixanthogen adsorbing on the mineral surface will be unstable and reduced when rest potential value of sulphide mineral (φMS) is less than the reversible potential of reduction of dixanthogen to xanthate φX-|X2 in the presence of TGA, flotability of sulphide mineral becomes weak; inversely, the coatings of dixanthogen on mineral surface will keep stable when φMS >φX-|X2, sulphide mineral keeps flotability. In the system of mixed minerals, the electrochemical condition of separation of two sulphide minerals by TGA is φMS1 <φX-|X2(φX-|PbX2 ) <φMS2.

 

Key words: TGA; sulphide minerals; electrode potential; separation; pulp concentrate

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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