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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 11    No. 5    October 2001

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Phase formation regularities in Fe-based
nanometer powders prepared by
gas evaporation process
CHEN Zhen-hua(陈振华), YAN Hong-ge(严红革), KANG Zhi-tao(康智涛),
CHEN Gang(陈  刚), HUANG Pei-yun(黄培云)

Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
Central South University, Changsha 410083, P.R.China

Abstract: A serials of Fe-based nanometer powders were fabricated by reduced pressure gasevaporation process with induction current as the heating source. The formation regularities of the phases in as-prepared powders and the structures of the nanometer particles were investigated. Pure Fe nanometer powders with about 70% γ-Fe phase is prepared in present study by using the powder collector with good cooling effect. In the nanometer powders of Fe-Ni alloy, solid-solution phase γ-(Fe,Ni) and α-Fe phase form, but for Fe-Cr alloys only solid-solution phase α-(Fe,Cr) forms. In the nanometer powders of Fe-Cu alloy, only pure metal phases of γ-Fe and Cu form, and no compound or solid solution phase exists. The formation regularity of the phases in the nanometer powders of alloys obeys the common phase laws in bulk alloy state.

 

Key words:  gas evaporation; nanometer powder; Fe-based powder

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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