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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 11    No. 5    October 2001

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Formation of layer-shaped pores in
TiC-Fe cermet by combustionsynthesis
FAN Qun-cheng(范群成), CHAI Hui-fen(柴惠芬), JIN Zhi-hao(金志浩)

State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials,
Xi′an Jiaotong University, Xi′an 710049, P.R.China

Abstract: To study the formation of layershaped pores in TiC-Fe cermet, two Ti-C-Fe powder compacts containing Ti powders with two size ranges (<44μm and 135~154μm ) respectively were ignited in a special ignition mode. The combustion temperatures of the reactions were measured, the phase constituents of the combustion-synthesized products were inspected by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and the structures of the products were observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the case of the finer Ti powder used, TiC-Fe cermet and pore rank in an alternately laminar shape, and the shape of the pore is the same as that of the combustion wavefront, implying that the layer-shaped pore results from a gather of the retained gas into the combustion wavefront. While in the case of the coarser Ti powder used, the lower combustion temperature causes the gather of the retained gas to be difficult, the pore being present in an arbitrary shape and distributing randomly.

 

Key words: layer-shaped pores; TiC-Fe; combustion synthesis

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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