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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 11    No. 5    October 2001

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Study on bioleaching of refractory gold ore (Ⅰ)
——Mechanism on bioleaching of pyrite
by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans
MIN Xiao-bo(闵小波)1, CHAI Li-yuan(柴立元)1, CHEN Wei-liang(陈为亮)1,
ZHANG Chuan-fu(张传福)1, HUANG Bai-yun(黄伯云)2, KUANG Zhong(邝  

1. Department of Metallurgical Science & Engineering,
Central South University,Changsha 410083, P.R.China;
2. State Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy, Central South University,
Changsha 410083, P.R.China;
3. Guangxi Guanghe Industry Co. Lt., Hechi 547000, P.R.China

Abstract: The variation of main parameters including ion concentration, pH value, potential and biomass was examined in bioleaching pyrite. The pH value of the solution decreased obviously. Most of T. ferrooxidans adhered to the surface of pyrite. The surface properties of pyrite and leached products were determined by SEM, EDS and XRD. Pyrite was corroded selectively by T.ferrooxidans and sulfur in pyrite was leached preferentially. The primary product for bioleaching pyrite was jarosite. Based on these results, it can be found that pyrite is oxidized mainly through the dir, ect role of T.ferrooxidans. A band model for bioleaching pyrite was built, by which the bioleaching process was explained theoretically. The model shows that the holes, which are injected into the valence band of pyrite through adhered T. ferrooxidans ,   result from dissolved oxygen in the solution.

 

Key words:  mechanism; pyrite bioleaching; Thiobacillus ferrooxidans

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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