Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 12 No. 1 February 2002|
roasted diasporic bauxite in atmos phere
（Department of Mineral Engineering,Central South University，
Changsha 410083, China）
Abstract:The leaching desilication technology of roasted diasporic bauxite in atmosphere by caustic soda solution was investigated. The optimum parameters were: the grin ding fineness of the roasted bauxite -0.076mm and 80％～85%,leaching time 2h, Na2Ok 100～150g/L, L/S 4～5,leaching temperature 90～95℃.The desilication rate 55.20% and concentrate A/S (mass ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2) 9.90, as good as those obtained at pressure, were obtained respectively. Investigation of twostage leaching shows that it can both improve desilication rate of roasted ore and reduce leaching time. When time of the first stage and the second stag e is 30min and 30min respectively, desilication rate can reach 59.65%. X-ray diffraction analysis of the concentrate has proved that desilication procedure is accompanied with the formation of sodium aluminosilicate hydrate.X-ray spectra also show that silica removed during leaching is amorphous silica. SiO2 occurring as quartz in raw ore or mullite formed during roasting can not dissolve in alkali solution.
Key words: diasporic bauxite;roast;chemical processing;desilication