Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 12 No. 1 February 2002|
（1.Department of Metallurgical Science & Engineering,
Central South University,Changsha 410083,China;
2. Guangxi Guanghe Industry Co.Lt.Hechi,China,547000）
Abstract:The variation of main parameters was examined in bioleaching arsenopyrite,such as arsenic concentration, solution pH value, potential and biomass.Solution pH value decreased slightly and few T ferrooxidans adhered to the surface of arsenopyrite.The surface properties of arsenopyrite and leached products were determined by using modern measurement techniques including SEM,EDS and XRD.The corrosion characteristic of arsenopyrite surface is of uniformity,and arsenic in arsenopyrite was preferential to be dissolved. Element sulfur,jarosite and scoroditeare the primary products in bioleaching arsenopyrite.It can be drown fr om above that arsenopyrite is oxidized mainly through the indirect role of Tferrooxidans.A band model for bioleaching arsenopyrite was built,by which illustrated the bioleaching process theoretically.The model shows that the holes, which are provided by ferric ion, inject into the valence band of arsenopyrite to result in the dissolution of arsenopyrite.
Key words: mechanism; arsenopyrite bioleaching;Thiobacillus ferrooxidans