Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 12 No. 4 August 2002|
shape memory alloy with high Ms temperature
（Department of Materials Science and Engineering，
Central South University, Changsha 410083，China）
Abstract:The effects of thermal cycling on marten site transformation in Cu-11.9Al-2.5Mn(mass fraction, %) shape memory alloy(SMA) with high Ms temperature were studied by means of electrical tension vs temperature (U—T) measurement, optical microscopy observation and X-ray diffractometry. It shows that with increasing thermal cycles, the transformation temperatures decreased, which are accompanied by changes of martensite structure such as the decline of NNN ordering degree and monoclinic angle β→90°. Compared with traditional Cu-base SMA, the alloy has rather high thermostability and can work at 2 00～300℃. Its excellent thermostability comes from two factors: 1) its β1 parent structure is stable and difficult to decompose at work temperature; 2) its martensite structure is close to N18R(β=89.6°), which restrains the process of M18R→N18R and the tendency of martensite stabilization and decomposition.
Key words: shape memory alloy；Cu-Al-Mn alloy；martensite；thermal cycling；thermostability