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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 12    No. 6    December 2002

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Selectively leaching Cu(Ⅱ) and Ni(Ⅱ) from acid mine drainage sludge by using 
ethylenediamine-ammonium sulfate
LI De-liang(李德良)1, WANG Dian-zuo(王淀佐)2,J A Finch3

1.Department of Chemical Engineering,
Xiangtan Polytechnic University,Xiangtan 411201, China;
2.Department of Mineral Engineering,
Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
3.Deptartment of Mining and MetallurgicalEngineering,
McGill University, 3610 University St. , Montreal, QC, H3A 2B2, Canada

Abstract:A method based on controlling the complexation-precipitation equilibrium of metal ions was proposed to selectively recover nickel and copper from hydroxide sludge formed by lime neutralization of acid mine drainage(AMD). Ethylenediamine(EDA) and ammonium sulfate were chosen as complex reagent and precipitating reagent, respectively, to dissolve target metal hydroxides from sludge and limit useless metal ions in the pregnant solution. Results from both synthetic and natural samples show the excellent selectivity for the target metals(copper and nickel) against Fe(Ⅱ), Ca(Ⅱ) and Mg(Ⅱ), 99% recovery of Cu(Ⅱ) and Ni(Ⅱ) and shorter leaching time can be reached by this process, and the resultant solution can be used for direct electrowinning. The optimum operating conditions are: pH=9~11, ρ(EDA)=40g/L, ammonium sulfate 50g/L, leaching time 5h(for natural sample) and 2.5h(for synthetic sludge), liquid to solid ratio being 4 with mechanical stirring at room temperature.  

 

Key words:   ethylenediamine(EDA); AMD sludge; selective extraction; waste treatment; nickel; copper

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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