Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 12 No. 6 December 2002|
（School of Materials and Metallurgy,
Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China）
Abstract:Through the study by electronic probe it was found that many new cracks and holes appear on the surface of gold-bearing arsenopyrite crystal oxidized by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, which are along with some directions. Then the selective bio-oxidation model of gold-bearing arsenopyrite was set up. The selective bio-oxidation resulting from the submicro-battery effect of gold/ arsenopyrite mineral pairs naturally forms in the gold-bearing arsenopyrite crystal. Thiobacillus ferrooxidans has priority to oxidize the place of gold-rich and oxidizes selectedly along with the crystal border, crystal face and crack. The bacteria oxidation process of gold-bearing arsenopyrite is divided into three stages: the first stage is the surface oxidation, the second stage is restraining oxidation and the third stage is the filament oxidation, bacteria oxidize along with cracks of arsenopyrite.
Key words: selective bio-oxidation model; submicro-battery effect; gold-bearing arsenopyrite; Thiobacillus ferrooxidans