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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 3    June 2003

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Minimum norm method of analyzing ill-conditioned state of design matrix in estimation of parameters
LU Xiu-shan(卢秀山)1,2,OU Ji-kun(欧吉坤)3
SONG Shu-li(宋淑丽)2,FENG Zun-de(冯尊德)2

1. School of Mapping and Surveying,
Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
2. School of Geo-information Science and Technology,
Shandong University of Science and Technology,Tai′an 271019, China;
3. Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics,
The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430077, China

Abstract:The method of condition number is commonly used to diagnose a normal matrix N  whether it is ill-conditioned state or not. For its shortcoming, a method to measure multi-collinearity of a matrix was put forward. The method is that implement Gram-Schmidt orthogonalizing process to column vectors of a design matrix A(αl), then calculate the norms of every vector before and after orthogonalization process and their corresponding ratio, and use the minimum ratio among the group of ratios to measure the multi-collinearity of A. According to the corresponding relationship between the multi-collinearity and the ill-conditioned state of a matrix, the method also studies and offers reference indexes weighing the ill-conditioned state of a matrix based on the relative norm. The remarkable characteristics of the method are that the measure of multi-collinearity has idiographic geometry meaning and clear lower and upper limit, the size of the measure reflects the multi-collinearity of column vectors objectively. It is convenient to study the reason that results in the matrix being multi-collinearity and to put forward solving plan according to the method which is summarized as the method of minimum norm and abbreviated as F method.

 

Key words:  estimation of parameters; multi-collinearity of matrix; ill-conditioned state of matrix; norm of vector

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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