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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 4    August 2003

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Influences of processing routine on mechanical properties and structures of 7075 aluminum alloy thick-plates
LIN Gao-yong(林高用)1, ZHANG Hui(张 辉)1,2,
ZHANG Xing-jian(张行健)1,HAN Dong-Feng(韩冬峰)1,
ZHANG Ying(张 颖)1, PENG Da-shu(彭大暑)

1. College of Materials Science and Engineering,
Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. College of Materials Science and Engineering,
Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China

Abstract:7075 aluminum alloy thick-plates were produced by three processing routines: commercial hot-rolling followed by heat treatment of quenching and ageing (HR+QA), combination of large deformation processing of multi-directional warm forging and subsequent warm rolling followed by heat treatment of quenching and ageing (LD+QA), and that followed by annealing at moderate temperature (LD+AN). Tensile strength, yield strength and elongation were measured by tension test, and the metallographic structures were examined by optical microscopy (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), also the fracture morphologies were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It is shown that higher tensile strength and yield strength are obtained from (LD+QA) processing in comparison with those from (HR+QA) and (LD+AN) processings. Tensile strength and yield strength obtained from (LD+QA) processing are 9.9% and 8.6% higher respectively than those from (HR+QA) processing, and 48.6% and 57.7% higher respectively than those from (LD+AN) processing; while the elongations of all the samples show no significant difference and keep 10%-12%. Analyses of OM and TEM reveal that the mechanical behaviors are deeply associated with the formation of refined structures with fine grains and very fine precipitates, leading to fine-grained hardening and excellent age hardening.

 

Key words:  7075 aluminum alloy; multi-directional large deformation; microstructure; mechanical property

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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