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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 4    August 2003

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Effects of Mm(NiCoAlMn)5 hydrogen storage alloy coated with Ni-Co-P alloy by electroless plating on electrochemical properties of hydride electrodes
SUN Chun-wen(孙春文)1.2, GUO Zhan-cheng(郭占成)2,
TANG Zhi-yuan(唐致远)3,GUO He-tong(郭鹤桐)3

1. Laboratory for Solid State Ionics, Institute of Physics,
Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100080, China;
2. Institute of Process Engineering,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bejing 100080, China; 
3. Chemical Engineering School, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Abstract:The effect of chemical plating with Ni-Co-P alloy on the properties of MH electrodes is investigated. The results show that the efficiency of storage alloy and the activation of MH electrode have been improved by introducing 1.74% cobalt in the Ni-Co-P alloy coating. The initial discharge capacity is 208mAh/g. The maximum discharge capacity gets to 298.5mAh/g. At the same time the cycle life of MH electrodes is improved. The discharge capacity of MH electrodes coated with Ni-Co-P is 88% of the maximum discharge capacity after 300 cycles. Whereas the discharge capacity of bare alloy electrodes retains 62% of the maximum capacity after 300 cycles. An increment of discharge capacity is mainly due to the superposition of the oxidation current of Co as well as improved efficiency of microcurrent collection. The effect of Ni-Co-P alloy coating by electroless plating on the kinetic properties of hydride electrode has been systematically investigated by electrochemical techniques. The results indicate that the kinetic properties of MH electrodes, including exchange current density, limiting current density, have been improved markedly. This improvement of kinetic properties leads to the decrease of the overpotential of anodic and cathodic polarization.

 

Key words: rare earths based hydrogen-storage alloys; electroless Ni-Co-P alloy plating; MH-Ni battery

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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