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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 6    December 2003

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Structure and tribological properties of modified layer on 2024 aluminum alloy by plasma-based ion implantation with nitrogen/titanium/carbon
ZHANG Ling-zhao(张玲召)1, LIAO Jia-xuan(廖家轩)2, 3, XIA Li-fang(夏立芳)2, LIU Wei-min(刘维民)3, XU Tao(徐 洮)3, XUE Qun-ji(薛群基)3

1. School of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, 
Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China;
3. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,  Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China

Abstract:2024 aluminum alloy was implanted with nitrogen then titanium finally carbon by plasma-based ion implantatio to form a gradient layer. The structure and tribological properties of the layer were investigated. Its composition profiles and chemical states were analyzed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS). The surface carbon layer was analyzed by Raman spectrum. The appearances were observed by atomic force microscope (AFM). The surface hardness was measured with the mechanical property microprobe. The dry wear tests against GCr15 steel ball at various sliding loads were performed with a ball-on-disk wear tester in ambient environment. The results show that the thickness of the modified layer is 1200nm, the carbon layer is a smooth and compact diamond-like carbon(DLC) films, and the carbon-titanium interface is broadened due to carbon ions implantation, resulting in a good composition and structure transition between DLC films and titanium layer. Surface hardness is improved markedly, with a slow and uniform change. Tribological properties are improved greatly although they reduce with the increase of sliding loads because the modified layer becomes thin rapidly.

 

Key words: aluminum alloy; plasma-based ion implantation(PBII); structure; tribological properties

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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