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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 6    December 2003

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Crystal structure and switchable optical properties of yttrium hydride films covered by
 palladium layer
ZHANG Wen-kui(张文魁)1, GAN Yong-ping(甘永平)1,
 YANG Xiao-guang(杨晓光)2, Huang Hui(黄 辉)1, YU Li-yang(余厉阳)2

1. Department of Applied Chemistry,
 Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China;
2. Institute of Materials and Chemical Engineering, 
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Abstract:The palladium/yttrium films were prepared using magnetron sputtering technique. The changes of crystal structure, morphology and optical properties of the films during the hydrogen absorption/desorption process were investigated. The results of SEM and AFM analysis show that yttrium films have columnar structure, and the Pd cover layers on the surface of the yttrium films are composed of nanometer-sized Pd particles, which contain a large amount of smaller crystalline grains. During the gas hydrogen absorption/desorption process, YH3 and YH2 hydrides form on the sites of Pd grains contacting with Y grains. Upon hydrogenation, YH3 hydride forms and the switchable optical properties can be observed. The light transparency of the films increases with the increasing of hydrogen loading time and the light wavelength, and the absorption limitation occurs at λ=400nm. Upon dehydrogenation, YH3 hydride dissociates into YH2 hydride, and the maximum transparency occurs at λ=689nm.

 

Key words: palladium/yttrium films; morphology; switchable optical properties

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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