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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 6    December 2003

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Alignment behavior of MnBi phase in Bi-Mn alloy solidified in static magnetic field
WANG Hui(王 晖), REN Zhong-ming(任忠鸣), LI Xi(李 喜),
 LI Wei-xuan(李伟轩), DENG Kang(邓 康), XU Kuang-di(徐匡迪)

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 
Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China

Abstract:During the solidification of Bi-Mn alloys from the mushy zone between 262℃ and 355℃ in a static magnetic field up to 1.0T, the alignment behavior of the MnBi primary phase in the alloys was studied experimentally. The ferromagnetic MnBi crystals are magnetized and rotate their /c/-axes parallel to the field. Then, the oriented crystals congregate and grow up under the influence of magnetic interactions so that the alignment structure of the rod-like MnBi phase is produced. It is found that the orientation of MnBi crystals occurs immediately when the heating temperature or magnetic intensity reaches a critical value and beyond the value the orientation factor Γ of the MnBi phase is increased with increasing the heating temperature and the magnetic intensity. The critical temperature for Bi-6%Mn alloy is 275℃ in a 1.0T magnetic field and increases to 290℃ when the magnetic field intensity decreases to 0.1T. When the alloys are hold at 275℃, the critical magnetic intensity for Bi-6%Mn alloy is 0.4T and 0.05T for Bi-3%Mn alloy. The orientation and congregation of the MnBi crystals were analyzed in terms of the magnetic anisotropy of the crystals and their magnetic interactions.

 

Key words: magnetic field; Bi-Mn alloy; MnBi; alignment; congregation

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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