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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 6    December 2003

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Mechanism of chlorinating lanthanum oxide and cerium oxide with ammonium chloride
ZHU Guo-cai(朱国才)1, LI Fu-ping(李赋屏)2, XIAO Ming-gui(肖明贵)3

1.Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 102201, China;
2. Institute of Earth Science and Resource, 
China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;
3. Department of Civil Engineering, 
Guilin Institute of Technology, Guilin 541004, China

Abstract:Using ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) as a chlorinating agent, the effects of chlorinating temperature, chlorinating time and NH4Cl dosage on chlorination of La2O3 and CeO2, and the thermal decomposition of LaCl3·7H2O and CeCl3·7H2O were investigated. The results show that 80% of both La2O3 and CeO2 can be chlorinated at 300℃ for 90min, and have no advantage to chlorination of lanthanum and cerium oxides at higher temperature. The thermal decomposition of LaCl3 and CeCl3 is carried out to explore the mechanism of chlorinating lanthanum and cerium oxides. At the same time, the chlorination of lanthanum and cerium oxides is not devoted to the HCl decomposed from NH4Cl, but to NH4Cl directly taking part in the chlorination of La2O3 and CeO2. The lanthanum and cerium oxides in chlorination firstly form intermediate LaOCl and CeOCl, and then transfer to LaCl3 and CeCl3, finally to La2O3 and CeO2, respectively. The thermal decomposition analyses of LaCl3·7H2O and CeCl3·7H2O further prove the existence of the intermediates LaOCl and CeOCl. Therefore the chlorinating temperature and time should strictly be controlled when the lanthanum oxide and cerium oxide are chlorinated with NH4Cl. And over-dosage of NH4Cl should be also applied in the process of chlorination.

 

Key words: lanthanum; cerium; mechanism; chlorination; thermal decomposition 

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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