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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 13    No. 6    December 2003

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Preparation of Ir/IrOx pH electrode based on melt-oxidation and its response mechanism investigation
CHEN Dong-chu(陈东初), ZHEN Jia-sheng(郑家燊), 
FU Chao-yang(付朝阳)

Department of Chemistry, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 
Wuhan 430074, China

Abstract:A method of melt-oxidation at high temperature is adopted to prepare Ir/IrOx pH electrode, and different carbonates such as Li2CO3, K2CO3, Na2CO3 and their mixture were used in this process. It is shown that the electrode prepared in carbonate melt has good pH response characteristics, such as stability, sensitivity, response time, and anti-corrosion ability in the solution containing F-, etc. The hysteresis mechanism was also investigated based on a storage model with a cyclic voltammetry experiment. It is found that the valence of Ir in the oxide film is +4, and the iridium oxide on the surface of the film is co-ordinate with -OH and H2O from the result of XPS spectra. The mole fraction ratio of Ir to O is 1∶2.1 in the bulk of the oxide, but x(Ir)∶x(O) is 1∶6.78 on the surface of the oxide film by EDX technology. The hydration effect of the thermally prepared iridium oxide was investigated. Therefore, a H+ response mechanism is suggested, being much different from the reported theory for thermally prepared iridium oxide electrode, which previously does not take the hydration of oxide into consideration.

 

Key words: pH; electrode; iridium; oxide; mechanism

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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