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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 6    December 2009

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Preparation and properties of K2NiF4-type perovskite oxides La2NiO4 catalysts for steam reforming of ethanol
Zhang Li-feng(张利峰), Wang Yi-ping(王一平), Huang Qun-wu(黄群武)

School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Abstract:The performance of La2NiO4 perovskite catalysts, prepared using a citric acid complexation method, for the steam reforming of ethanol was studied. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), specific surface area measurements (BET), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experimental results show that the calcination temperature and the amount of citric acid (CA) have a significant influence on the characteristics of the catalysts and their catalytic activity. Among the catalysts tested, the La2NiO4 catalyst calcined at 700 ℃ with n(La)׃n(Ni)׃n(CA) of 2׃1׃3 exhibits the best activity and excellent stability as well as very low coke formation.

 

Key words: hydrogen; ethanol; perovskite-like oxides; La2NiO4

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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