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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 6    December 2009

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Martensitic transformation and mechanical properties of Ti-rich Ti-Ni-Cu melt-spun ribbon
HE Wen-jun(何文军)1, MIN Guang-hui(闵光辉)2, YIN Yan-sheng(尹衍升)1, O. TOLOCHKO3

1. Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Ji’nan 250061, China;
3. Department of Material Science, Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University,
Polytechnicheskaya Str., 29, St. Petersburg, 195251, Russia

Abstract:Martensitic transformation, mechanical and thermomechanical properties of a Ti-rich Ti52Ni23Cu25 melt spun ribbon annealed at a temperature below the crystallization temperature were studied by XRD, DSC and DMA. After annealing the initially amorphous ribbon at 400 ℃ for 10 h, the ribbon is fully crystallized and exhibits one-stage B2↔B19 phase transformation with the temperature hysteresis of 14 ℃. The annealed ribbon is composed of B2, B19 and B11-TiCu phase with (001) preferential orientation. On the stress―strain curves, the rearrangement of the martensite variants and stress-induced martensitic transformation are observed below the Mf temperature and above the Af temperature, respectively. The annealed ribbon exhibits up to 1.6% superelastic shape recovery with small stress hysteresis of 25 MPa. No flat stress-plateau is associated with the superelasticity. The annealed ribbon shows a well-defined shape memory effect during thermal cycling from −60 to 100 ℃. The transformation strain and recovery strain increase with increasing the applied external stress. Under the external stress above 150 MPa, the shape recovery strain is not sensitive to it and keeps stable at about 1.74%.

 

Key words: Ti-Ni-Cu alloy; melt spinning; shape memory properties; superelasticity; dynamic mechanical analysis

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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