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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 6    December 2009

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Electrochemical properties of high-power lithium ion batteries
made from modified spinel LiMn2O4
LI Xiang-qun(李向群)1, WANG Zhi-xing(王志兴)2, LIANG Ru-fu(梁如福)2,
GUO Hua-jun(郭华军)2, LI Xin-hai(李新海)2, CHEN Qi-yuan(陈启元)1

1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A prismatic 204056-type high power lithium-ion battery was developed. Modified LiMn2O4 and carbonaceous mesophase sphere (CMS) were adopted as the cathode and anode, respectively. The effects of proportion of conductive carbon black in cathode and the rest time after discharge on the electrochemical properties of batteries were investigated. The electrochemical tests show that the proportion of conductive carbon black in cathodes affects the high rate capability and discharge voltage plateau distinctly. The battery with 3.0% of conductive carbon black in cathode shows excellent electrochemical performances when being charged/discharged within 2.5−4.2 V at room temperature. The discharge capacity at 20C rate is 94.4% of that at 1C rate, and the capacity retention ratio charged at 1C and discharged at 5C is 86.6% after 390 cycles at room temperature. The test result of impulse discharge at 50C for 5 s shows that the battery has outstanding high rate discharge performance when the battery is in the depth of charge of 90%, 75%, 60%, 45%, 30% and 15%. The battery also shows good charge performance. When the battery is charged at 0.5C, 1C, 2C and 4C, the ratios of capacity for constant current charge are 98.4%, 96.4%, 91.0% and 72.9% of the whole charge capacity, respectively. In addition, the rest time after discharge affects the cycle performance distinctly when the battery is discharged at high rate.

 

Key words: lithium ion batteries; LiMn2O4; electrochemical property; rate capability

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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