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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 6    December 2009

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Crystal structure and negative thermal expansion properties of solid solution Er2W3−xMoxO12
PENG Jie(彭 杰)1, 2, LIU Xin-zhi(刘新智)3, GUO Fu-li(郭富丽)4, HAN Song-bai(韩松柏)3, LIU Yun-tao(刘蕴韬)3, CHEN Dong-feng(陈东风)3, Z

1. Experimental Physics Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing 100049, China;
2. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing 100049, China;
3. China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China;
 4.College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Abstract:A series of solid solutions Er2W3−xMoxO12 (0.5≤x≤2.5) were successfully synthesized by the solid state method. Their crystal structures and negative thermal expansion properties were studied by high temperature X-ray powder diffraction and the Rietveld method. All samples with rare earth tungstates and molybdates crystallize in the same orthorhombic structure with space group Pnca, and show the negative thermal expansion phenomena related to transverse vibration of bridging oxygen atoms in the structure. Thermal expansion coefficients (TECs) of Er2W3−xMoxO12 were determined as −16.2×10−6 K−1 for x=0.5 and −16.5×10−6 K−1 for x=2.5 while −20.2×10−6 K−1 and −18.4×10−6 K−1 for unsubstituted Er2W3O12 and Er2Mo3O12 in the identical temperature range of 200−800 ℃. High temperature XRD data and bond length analysis suggest that the difference between W−O and Mo−O is responsible for the change of TECs after the element substitution in the series of solid solutions.

 

Key words: negative thermal expansion; X-ray diffraction; rare earth; molybdate; tungstate

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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