您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    No. 6    December 2009

[PDF Download]    [Flash Online]

    

First-principles study for surface tension and depolarizing effect on ferroelectric properties of BaTiO3 nanowires
CAI Meng-qiu(蔡孟秋), DU Yong(杜 勇), HUANG Bai-yun(黄伯云)

State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The spontaneous polarization in ferroelectric (FE) nanowires (NWs) can be considerably enhanced due to the nanosize confinement by the first-principles calculations. The spontaneous polarization in a fully-relaxed BaTiO3 NW with 2.0 nm in diameter is 1.18 times higher than that of bulk counterpart. The ferroelectric properties of the wire are found to generally depend on its dimensions through effects of the surface tension and near-surface depolarizing effect. The surface tension seems to be crucial for the giant enhancement of spontaneous polarization.

 

Key words: ferroelectric nanowires; surface stress; depolarization; first-principles

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

主管:中华人民共和国教育部 主办:中南大学 中国铁道学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《铁道科学与工程学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市韶山南路22号 邮编:410075
电 话:0731-82655133,82656174   传真:0731-82655133   电子邮箱:jrse@mail.csu.edu.cn