Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 19 Special 3 December 2009|
produced by laser melt injection of WC
（State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology,
Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China）
Abstract:WC powder was injected onto the surface of Q235 steel by laser melt injection (LMI). The influence of process parameters was studied. The microstructure and composition of the coatings were analyzed by SEM, XRD and EDS. The hardness and wear-resistant property of the coatings and Q235 steel were measured. The results show that LMI layer can be achieved only under the condition that process parameters meet the strict requirements. By optimizing the process parameter, excellent coatings can be acquired by injecting WC powder onto the surface of Q235 steel. The microstructure in the coatings is complex, which consists of WC, W2C and M6C(Fe3W3C-Fe4W2C) phases. The difference of Fe3W3C microstructure in different zones of the coatings is obvious. Both the compositions of the reaction layers around the particle and dendrite precipitation carbides in the upper coating are Fe3W3C. The average hardness of LMI layer is above HV 900, which is about four times that of Q235 steel. The friction coefficient of LMI layer is only one quarter that of the substrate, which indicates that the wear resistance of the coatings is enhanced sharply.
Key words: laser melt injection(LMI); WC; surface modification layer; wear-resistant property