Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 19 Special 3 December 2009|
（1. State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China）
Abstract:Ablation characteristics and mechanism at high temperature for TaC coatings on carbon-carbon composites were investigated by ablation experiments with low power laser and oxyacetylene flame. The results show that the TaC coating is decomposed at the initial stage of laser ablation in atmosphere, and free carbon diffused to the surface, then oxidized to the melt including carbon, oxygen and tantalum. With the increase of ablation time, the melt is oxidized to low valent tantalum-oxide and Ta2O5 is formed finally. During the melt cooling, needle-like crystals of Ta2O5 are precipitated. Between the melt and TaC coating, there exists a diffusion transition layer with thickness of 1−2 mm. The transition layer consists of fine crystals and pores including carbon, oxygen and tantalum. The oxyacetylene flame ablation at 2 300 ℃ results in the rapid oxidation of TaC and formation of protective liquid films of tantalum oxide on the coating surface, where the liquid film can fill up the cracks and cover the coating. In such case, the oxidation mechanism of TaC is converted to the oxygen solution and diffusion control mechanism.
Key words: TaC coating; oxidation; ablation mechanism; carbon-carbon composites