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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 19    Special 3    December 2009

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Fabrication of nano-crystalline W-Ni-Fe pre-alloyed powders by
 mechanical alloying technique
YAN Jian-wu(晏建武)1, 2, 3, LIU Ying(刘 莹)3, PENG A-fang(彭阿芳)1, LU Quan-guo(卢全国)1

1. Institute of Micro/Nano Actuation and Control, Nanchang Institute of Technology, Nanchang 330099, China;
2. Postdoctoral Workstation of Jiangxihengda Group, Nanchang 330029, China;
3. Postdoctoral Station of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330034, China

Abstract:Nano-crystalline pre-alloyed powders of W-Ni-Fe were fabricated by high energy ball milling mechanical alloying (MA) technique. The change of appearances and the crystallite sizes of powders before and after high energy ball milling were investigated by XRD, TOPAS P software, SEM and EDS. The results show that the nano-crystalline pre-alloyed powders can be fabricated by 5 h high energy ball milling. During the MA process, the diffusion of W, Ni and Fe happens in the process of repeated welding and fracturing. As a result, nano-crystalline supersaturated solid solutions are formed. The crystallite sizes won’t be refined after 10 h ball milling. The crystallite sizes of different compositions are almost the same under the same MA condition. Due to the toughening mechanism of rare earth element, the powders of 90W-4Ni-2Fe-3.8Mo-0.2RE alloy are seriously agglomerated after ball milling compared with the other alloys. It can be concluded that the optimal sintering temperature of 90W-4Ni-2Fe-3.8Mo-0.2RE pre-alloyed powders after 15 h mechanical alloying is 1 300−1 350 ℃.

 

Key words: tungsten based high-density alloy; mechanical alloying; high energy ball milling; nano-crystalline; low temperature sintering

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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