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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 10    No. 1    February 2000

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Leaching mechanism of sulfide ores in slurry electrolysis①
ZHANG Ying-jie(张英杰), YANG Xian-wan(杨显万), DENG Lun-hao(邓伦豪), YAO Gang(姚 刚)

Department of Metallurgy, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming650093, P.R.China

Abstract:Anodic polarization curves of sulfide mineral particle oxidation on graphite anode in slurry electrolysis have been examined to make certain of the leaching mechanism of sulfide ores in slurry electrolysis and to build up the relationship between the anodic current density, solid content in slurry and stirring speed. The results show that the leachingmechanism of sulfide minerals depends on the operating conditions. The anodic oxidation of mineral particles is the main reaction when no iron and copper ions exists in the slurry and at a low current density. In existence of iron or copper ions in slurry, the main anodic reaction is the oxidation of ferrous and cuprous ions at a low current density. At high current density, Cl-ion oxidation on anode occurs and Cl2and HClO are produced. Sulfide leaching depends mainly on oxidation by HClO. Based on the consideration of the double layer structure and particle motion, the relationship between the anodic current density (i), solid content in slurry (cs)and stirring speed (NR)is determined asi=QcsN2R, where Q= 4π2r2nFkλ, andris the distance between stirring axis and anode surface,nis the particle number contacting with unit anodic area (1 cm2) in unit time,kthe rate constant,λthe proportional constant. Particle size does not affect the current density. The equation shows good agreement with the experimental results.

 

Key words: leaching mechanism; sulfide mineral; slurry electrolysis

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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